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Judicial Branch

The Judicial Branch is the only wing of government not directly elected by the populace. Instead of being elected, members of the Judicial Branch are appointed by the President and confirmed by the Senate.

The head office of the American Judiciary is the United States Supreme Court. The Court is composed of 9 judges. There are no term limits to being a Supreme Court judge. A judge will leave office upon retirement or death, with death usually following closely upon retirement.

The Supreme Court is the highest of several federal courts where cases and appeals are brought before federal judges. These lower federal courts are arranged around the nation geographically. There are also 13 United States courts of appeals.

The main duty of the Judicial Branch is to interpret the Constitution as it applies to the laws of the nation. For instance, if Congress were to pass a law prohibiting equal protection under the law or refusing the right to assemble peaceably, the Supreme Court would be where Americans could challenge the Constitutional nature of that law.

It is imperative to keep the Judicial Branch in our prayers as they use ethical and moral standards to interpret America’s Constitution as it applies to her modern laws.

Featured Member of the Judicial Branch for Prayer

PrayFocusJudicialJudge Howard Lloyd, U.S. District Court for the Northern District of California

Howard R. Lloyd obtained his undergraduate degree at the College of William and Mary. After military service, he earned his law degree from the University of Michigan Law School.

For the next 30 years, he worked as a trial and appellate lawyer for a large San Jose, California, law firm. After leaving the firm, he worked for two years as an independent ADR (alternate dispute resolution) provider. While he was in private practice, Lloyd was selected for voluntary service, including as a mediator with the California Court of Appeals. He was a frequent presenter at continuing education courses for attorneys, usually speaking about employment law or business torts.

He was named to the bench in 2002, where he has tried a multitude of civil cases and criminal misdemeanors, ruled on hundreds of discovery disputes and case-dispositive motions, and recently empaneled two grand juries.

IN THE NEWS: In a year when thousands of waiting passengers have missed flights because of tighter security requirements and staff shortages at the U.S. Transportation Security Administration, Justin Ngo of Sunnyvale, California, filed a lawsuit after TSA agents refused to detain a family waiting behind him at a checkpoint at Honolulu International Airport. In his complaint against the TSA, the airport and officials, Ngo said a mother and her children kept hitting his luggage while playing, ignoring his requests to stop, while the father repeatedly kicked the luggage and told him to “lighten up.” He said he suffered emotional distress and that the TSA was negligent and an accomplice to assault and harassment.

But Judge Howard Lloyd said Congress created the TSA soon after the September 11, 2001 attacks to combat terrorism and prevent “mass murder” in the skies, not mediate disputes between careless or impatient passengers in the line. “When Ngo entered the security checkpoint, the TSA was a gatekeeper obliged to determine whether he should be permitted to pass,” Lloyd wrote. “The TSA had no duty to detain a family at his command.”

Ngo, who represented himself in the lawsuit, had no immediate comment after the judge ruled.

US Supreme Court Seal

The Court

Judicial Branch Prayer Needs


A federal judge struck down an Obama Administration regulation on the use of hydraulic fracturing, or fracking, for oil and gas on public lands, saying the Interior Department lacked authority from Congress for establishing the rule.

A U.S. District Court judge has refused to block a Mississippi anti-LGBT law that protected religious freedom, saying the plaintiffs in the case had failed to show that they would be harmed by the laws in the immediate future.

Pray for America’s judges and justices to have the courage of conviction and moral values as they rule.