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Judicial Branch

The Judicial Branch is the only wing of government not directly elected by the populace. Instead of being elected, members of the Judicial Branch are appointed by the President and confirmed by the Senate.

The head office of the American Judiciary is the United States Supreme Court. The Court is composed of 9 judges. There are no term limits to being a Supreme Court judge. A judge will leave office upon retirement or death, with death usually following closely upon retirement.

The Supreme Court is the highest of several federal courts where cases and appeals are brought before federal judges. These lower federal courts are arranged around the nation geographically. There are also 13 United States courts of appeals.

The main duty of the Judicial Branch is to interpret the Constitution as it applies to the laws of the nation. For instance, if Congress were to pass a law prohibiting equal protection under the law or refusing the right to assemble peaceably, the Supreme Court would be where Americans could challenge the Constitutional nature of that law.

It is imperative to keep the Judicial Branch in our prayers as they use ethical and moral standards to interpret America’s Constitution as it applies to her modern laws.

Featured Member of the Judicial Branch for Prayer

PrayFocusJudicialJudge Stephen F. Williams, U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit

Stephen Fain Williams was born in September 1938 in New York City. He received his undergraduate degree from Yale College, and earned his Juris Doctor from Harvard Law School. He engaged in the private practice of law, eventually becoming an Assistant U.S. Attorney for the Southern District of New York.

Prior to his appointment to the bench, Williams taught at the University of Colorado School of Law, and served as a Visiting Professor of Law at UCLA, University of Chicago Law School, and Southern Methodist University. He was a consultant to the Administrative Conference of the United States and the Federal Trade Commission.

He was nominated for a seat on the U.S Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit by President Ronald Reagan, and in September 2001, he took senior status.

IN THE NEWS: In a decision written by Judge Stephen Williams, a three-judge panel of the U.S. Court of Appeals in Washington said that groups seeking to delay a country-of-origin labeling rule until a lower court decides the merits of their case are unlikely to succeed in either their free speech arguments or their claim the U.S. Department of Agriculture had gone too far with its labeling demands. The regulations, adopted in May and effective last November require producers to specify the country or countries where an animal was born, raised and slaughtered. Retail packages cannot mix muscle cuts from different countries under a general label. “The [American Meat Institute]’s argument that the rule unlawfully ‘bans’ comingling fails at a key first step – the 2013 rule does not actually ban any element of the production process,” U.S. Court Judge Stephen Williams wrote. “The necessary changes to production are, to be sure, costly for the packers.” The issue continues to divide many in the U.S. livestock industry. Some American producers favor the labeling because it enables consumers to identify domestically produced meat. Others object, saying the costs outweigh any benefit.

US Supreme Court Seal

The Court

Judicial Branch Prayer Needs


A three-judge panel of the Tenth Circuit Court of Appeals in Denver will hear oral arguments Thursday about the constitutionality of banning same-sex marriage under Utah law.

The Supreme Court declined an initial challenge to the National Security Agency’s bulk collection of information about Americans’ telephone calls, saying the case must go through the normal appeals process.

Pray for wisdom for the members of the Tenth Circuit Court and for other legal issues on the sanctity of marriage.