Sunday, May 1, 2016
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Judicial Branch

The Judicial Branch is the only wing of government not directly elected by the populace. Instead of being elected, members of the Judicial Branch are appointed by the President and confirmed by the Senate.

The head office of the American Judiciary is the United States Supreme Court. The Court is composed of 9 judges. There are no term limits to being a Supreme Court judge. A judge will leave office upon retirement or death, with death usually following closely upon retirement.

The Supreme Court is the highest of several federal courts where cases and appeals are brought before federal judges. These lower federal courts are arranged around the nation geographically. There are also 13 United States courts of appeals.

The main duty of the Judicial Branch is to interpret the Constitution as it applies to the laws of the nation. For instance, if Congress were to pass a law prohibiting equal protection under the law or refusing the right to assemble peaceably, the Supreme Court would be where Americans could challenge the Constitutional nature of that law.

It is imperative to keep the Judicial Branch in our prayers as they use ethical and moral standards to interpret America’s Constitution as it applies to her modern laws.

Featured Member of the Judicial Branch for Prayer

PrayFocusJudicialJudge Thomas F. Hogan, Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court

Thomas Francis Hogan was born in 1938 in Washington, D.C. He graduated from the Georgetown Preparatory School, and received an A.B. from Georgetown University. He attended George Washington University’s master’s program, and graduated with a Juris Doctor from the Georgetown University Law Center. Following law school, Hogan clerked at the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia.

Hogan spent a year as counsel to the National Commission for the Reform of Federal Criminal Law, before engaging in private practice in Maryland and Washington, D.C. He was an assistant professor at Potomac School of Law, and an adjunct professor of law at the Georgetown University Law Center.

Hogan was appointed to a judgeship at the United States District Court for the District of Columbia by President Ronald Reagan. He was appointed chief judge in July 2001, just months before the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001. He took senior status in 2008, and is simultaneously serving a term on the FISC Court.

IN THE NEWS: The shadowy Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court always meets behind closed doors and is tasked with overseeing operations at U.S. intelligence agencies. A judge on the secretive court was “extremely concerned” that the National Security Agency continued to hold on to data that it was supposed to delete Unless it has been designated for retention, the NSA is supposed to delete data picked up on the Internet within two or five years, depending on the means through which it was collected.

By maintaining retention of the information collected about people on the Internet, the spy agency violated “several provisions” of its internal policies, and was “potentially” in violation of the law, Judge Thomas Hogan of the FISC claimed in an order just declassified last week. The order was heavily redacted. In addition to the infractions by the NSA, officials at the FBI also failed to abide by protections designed to protect attorney-client privileges in an unidentified number of cases discovered in 2014 and 2015, Hogan claimed.

The topic was discussed at a secret hearing back on October 8, and the government soon after pledged to comply with some procedures it had violated. Their promise seemed to satisfy the judge.




US Supreme Court Seal


The Court

Judicial Branch Prayer Needs

PRAY FOR OUR JUDICIARY

The Supreme Court ruled that Iran must hand over nearly $2 billion in frozen assets to the relatives of victims and survivors of attacks in Beirut and Saudi Arabia carried out in 1983 and 1996, respectively.

The Supreme Court reinforced free-speech protections for public employees, ruling that a New Jersey police officer can sue after being demoted for carrying a campaign sign for the mayor’s political opponent.

Pray for the Supreme Court as they issue a plethora of rulings between now and the end of their session in June.