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Judicial Branch

The Judicial Branch is the only wing of government not directly elected by the populace. Instead of being elected, members of the Judicial Branch are appointed by the President and confirmed by the Senate.

The head office of the American Judiciary is the United States Supreme Court. The Court is composed of 9 judges. There are no term limits to being a Supreme Court judge. A judge will leave office upon retirement or death, with death usually following closely upon retirement.

The Supreme Court is the highest of several federal courts where cases and appeals are brought before federal judges. These lower federal courts are arranged around the nation geographically. There are also 13 United States courts of appeals.

The main duty of the Judicial Branch is to interpret the Constitution as it applies to the laws of the nation. For instance, if Congress were to pass a law prohibiting equal protection under the law or refusing the right to assemble peaceably, the Supreme Court would be where Americans could challenge the Constitutional nature of that law.

It is imperative to keep the Judicial Branch in our prayers as they use ethical and moral standards to interpret America’s Constitution as it applies to her modern laws.

Featured Member of the Judicial Branch for Prayer

Judge Ilana Rovner, U.S. Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit

Ilana Kara Diamond Rovner was born in August 1938 in Riga, Latvia. While an infant, Rovner and her mother immigrated to the U.S. during World War II to escape the occupation of Latvia by Nazi Germany. She graduated from Bryn Mawr College, then studied at King’s College London for one year. She then attended Georgetown Law School for two years, but left when she got married and moved to Chicago. She finished her law degree at the Chicago Kent College of Law.

Rovner worked in the U.S. Attorney’s office for the Northern District of Illinois for four years, serving as chief of the Public Protection Unit for two. She was then Deputy Governor and legal counsel for Governor James R. Thompson of Illinois.

She was appointed as a judge on the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Illinois by President Ronald Reagan, where she served until appointed by President George H.W. Bush to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit. She was sworn in in August 1992. Rovner is the first woman appointed to the Seventh Circuit.



A U.S. appeals court is taking up a closely watched gay rights case in which an Indiana college professor who says she lost her job because she is a lesbian is arguing that federal civil rights law should protect gay people from workplace discrimination. A three-judge panel of the Seventh Circuit already ruled against the plaintiff in July. In order to rule in her favor, the appeals court would have to buck decades of rulings that gay people are not protected by a milestone 1964 civil rights law.

In July’s ruling by the three-judge panel, Circuit Judge Ilana Rovner said it was difficult to justify denying employment protections to gay people after the U.S. Supreme Court’s 2016 ruling striking down state bans on gay marriage. “From an employee’s perspective, the right to marriage might not feel like a real right if she can be fired for exercising it,” the judge wrote.

But the court, Rovner said, was bound by a “confused hodge-podge” of decisions dating back to the 1980s in which the Seventh Circuit, a regional appeals court that covers Illinois, Indiana and Wisconsin, dismissed discrimination claims by gay workers. The full court, however, can reverse those prior decisions. But so far, every U.S. appeals court to consider the issue has ruled that Title VII does not protect gay workers.


US Supreme Court Seal

The Court

Judicial Branch Prayer Needs

The Supreme Court, ruling on an insider trading case for the first time in two decades, upheld a conviction that should make it easier for prosecutors accusing people of profiting on confidences.

A federal appeals court halted a key ObamaCare case, puting off proceedings  until February 21, allowing time for the Trump Administration and Congress to deal with any repeal.

Pray for wisdom for those who sit on the American benches.