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Judicial Branch

The Judicial Branch is the only wing of government not directly elected by the populace. Instead of being elected, members of the Judicial Branch are appointed by the President and confirmed by the Senate.

The head office of the American Judiciary is the United States Supreme Court. The Court is composed of 9 judges. There are no term limits to being a Supreme Court judge. A judge will leave office upon retirement or death, with death usually following closely upon retirement.

The Supreme Court is the highest of several federal courts where cases and appeals are brought before federal judges. These lower federal courts are arranged around the nation geographically. There are also 13 United States courts of appeals.

The main duty of the Judicial Branch is to interpret the Constitution as it applies to the laws of the nation. For instance, if Congress were to pass a law prohibiting equal protection under the law or refusing the right to assemble peaceably, the Supreme Court would be where Americans could challenge the Constitutional nature of that law.

It is imperative to keep the Judicial Branch in our prayers as they use ethical and moral standards to interpret America’s Constitution as it applies to her modern laws.

Featured Member of the Judicial Branch for Prayer

Chief Judge Carl E. Stewart, U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit

Carl E. Stewart was born in January 1950 in Shreveport, Louisiana. He graduated from Dillar University in New Orleans and earned his Juris Doctor degree from Loyola University New Orleans College of Law.

Stewart entered the U.S. Army in the Judge Advocate General’s Corps. As a captain, he served as defense attorney for soldiers at Fort Sam Houston, Texas. After his honorable discharge, Stewart worked as an associate in a small private law firm, and in a field office for the state attorney general.

He spent four years as an assistant U.S. Attorney, then left the Justice Department to return to private practice and also became an adjunct professor at Louisiana University in Shreveport. He won election to a six-year term as a judicial district judge and was then elected to the state’s Second Circuit Court of Appeals, a position he held for four years.

In 1994, President Bill Clinton appointed Stewart to the U.S. Fifth Circuit Court of Appeals.

Stewart is married to Jo Ann and they have three children and three grandchildren. He is an active member of the United Methodist Church.



The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit found that a magistrate judge had applied an improper legal standard in determining whether a party’s privilege log adequately described his bases for claims of attorney-client privilege. The decision provides a useful framework for preparing a privilege log and serves as a cautionary tale for parties attempting to withhold questionably privileged documents.

In remanding the matter back to the trial court, the Fifth Circuit gave instructions to apply the attorney-client privilege exception “narrowly and with particularity.”


US Supreme Court Seal

The Court

Judicial Branch Prayer Needs

A U.S. appeals court granted a 60-day pause in the long-running case involving whether MetLife should bear the government’s label of “too big to fail,” triggering stricter oversight.

The Kentucky Court of Appeals upheld the right of a Christian silkscreen printer to decline to print t-shirts for a homosexual pride event, largely because the print shop advertises itself as Christian.

Pray for the courts as they hear cases of every level of magnitude and consequence.