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Judicial Branch

The Judicial Branch is the only wing of government not directly elected by the populace. Instead of being elected, members of the Judicial Branch are appointed by the President and confirmed by the Senate.

The head office of the American Judiciary is the United States Supreme Court. The Court is composed of 9 judges. There are no term limits to being a Supreme Court judge. A judge will leave office upon retirement or death, with death usually following closely upon retirement.

The Supreme Court is the highest of several federal courts where cases and appeals are brought before federal judges. These lower federal courts are arranged around the nation geographically. There are also 13 United States courts of appeals.

The main duty of the Judicial Branch is to interpret the Constitution as it applies to the laws of the nation. For instance, if Congress were to pass a law prohibiting equal protection under the law or refusing the right to assemble peaceably, the Supreme Court would be where Americans could challenge the Constitutional nature of that law.

It is imperative to keep the Judicial Branch in our prayers as they use ethical and moral standards to interpret America’s Constitution as it applies to her modern laws.

Featured Member of the Judicial Branch for Prayer

Judge Jane R. Roth, U.S. Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit

Jane Richards Roth was born in 1935 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. She received her B.A. from Smith College and her L.L.B. from Harvard Law School.

She worked for a time with the Foreign Service at the U.S. Department of State, spending time in Tehran, Iran, Salisbury, Rhodesia, and Brazzaville, Republic of Congo.

Before entering the judiciary, she was in private practice in Delaware. She was nominated to the U.S. District Court for the District of Delaware by President Ronald Reagan, and she served there for six years. She was nominated to the Third Circuit by President George H.W. Bush. She assumed senior status in May 2006.

She is a widow, having been married to Senator William V. Roth, Jr.


In a ruling that has been called a victory for the American industry, American consumers, and American taxpayers, the Third Circuit Court of Appeals ruled that goods must be properly marked with their foreign country of origin when coming into the U.S. Whistleblowers who discover that this is not being done can sue importing companies under the False Claims Act.

This ruling should help prevent deceptive marketing and sale of foreign imports as having been made in the United States. One of the whistleblower’s lawyers who argued the case before the Third Circuit said, “The country-of-origin marking requirements protect American manufacturers and their employees, as well as American consumers who prefer to purchase American-made goods. And the bulk of any recovery in this case will go to the United States treasury for the benefit of all taxpayers.”

The opinion issued by the Third Circuit, and written by Judge Jane Roth, addresses an issue that had not previously been addressed by any appellate court in the country, namely, whether a company that violates the country-of-origin marking requirement and fails to pay marking duties, may be sued under the current version of the False Claims Act.

US Supreme Court Seal

The Court

Judicial Branch Prayer Needs

A federal judge ordered the IRS to finally clear up the tea party targeting mess, giving the tax agency less than a month to decide on still-pending tax-exempt applications.

A Connecticut judge threw out a lawsuit filed against gun manufacturers by families of victims of the Sandy Hook school massacre, saying federal shield laws prohibited the lawsuit.

Pray for wisdom for America’s judges as they rule on existing law rather than making new ones.