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Legislative Branch

The Legislative Branch consists of the House of Representatives and the Senate, which collectively form the United States Congress. The Constitution grants Congress the sole authority to enact legislation and declare war, the right to confirm or reject Presidential appointments, and substantial investigative powers.

The House of Representatives is composed of 435 elected members from the 50 states in proportion to their total population. There are also 6 non-voting members who represent the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, and four other American territories.

The Senate is made up of 100 Senators, with two senators from each state. Until the ratification of the 17th Amendment in 1913. The Vice President serves as the President of the Senate and provides the decisive vote in the event of a tie.

Together, the House of Representatives and the Senate are the lawmakers of the nation. Any piece of legislation must pass through both houses of Congress before it is either vetoed or signed into law by the President.

It is vitally important that Americans pray for wisdom and understanding on behalf of the lawmakers of their nation.

Featured Member of the Legislative Branch for Prayer

Michael McCaul, United States Representative from Texas

Michael Thomas McCaul, Sr., was born in January 1962 in Dallas, Texas. He graduated from Jesuit College Preparatory School of Dallas and earned a B.A. in History from San Antonio’s Trinity University. He received his Juris Doctor from St. Mary’s University.  He also attended Harvard University, taking courses in the Kennedy School of Government.

McCaul worked as an attorney and federal prosecutor before entering politics. He was the Chief of Counterterrorism and National Security for Texas’s branch of the U.S. Attorney’s Office and also worked under the Department of Justice’s Public Integrity Section. He also held a position as Deputy Attorney General with the Texas Attorney General’s Office.

McCaul was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives in 2004, and has held the position as Chairman of the House Homeland Security Committee since January 2013.

He is married to Linda Mays McCaul, and they have five children. Roll Call has named McCaul as one of the wealthiest members of the United States Congress. He is Roman Catholic.


After President Obama announced the release of 15 Guantanamo Bay detainees, House Homeland Security Chairman Michael McCaul of Texas said, “We are a nation at war, and our commander in chief shouldn’t be handing back operatives to the other side.” The Pentagon’s move to transfer the detainees to the United Arab Emirates drops Gitmo’s prisoner population down to 61. There were 242 detainees when Obama took office in 2009, vowing to close the facility.

Chairman McCaul noted that at least a third of the inmates released from Guantanamo are suspected of returning to the fight against the West. “Even more shocking, the administration has admitted that Americans have been killed by these released detainees,” McCaul said in a statement. “And now the president is giving more terrorists a one-way ticket back to the battlefield.”

McCaul was joined by House Foreign Affairs Committee Chairman Ed Royce of California who warned that President Obama’s plan to close Gitmo will harm national security. Also weighing in was Senator Marco Rubio of Florida who said the president’s “reckless” release of more detainees “endangers more Americans.”

The Pentagon portrayed the transfers as a “humanitarian” move.

US Congress

Legislative Branch Prayer Needs

A bipartisan quartet of lawmakers is circulating a letter that seeks to delay a pending arms sale to Saudi Arabia as part of their opposition to U.S. support for the Saudi-led bombing campaign against Iran-backed Houthi rebels in Yemen.

A new congressional working group aimed at addressing racial tensions between police officers and the African-American communities will convene in Detroit at the end of the month to address police accountability issues.

Pray for members of Congress as they return to Washington after Labor Day to resume their duties.