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Legislative Branch

The Legislative Branch consists of the House of Representatives and the Senate, which collectively form the United States Congress. The Constitution grants Congress the sole authority to enact legislation and declare war, the right to confirm or reject Presidential appointments, and substantial investigative powers.

The House of Representatives is composed of 435 elected members from the 50 states in proportion to their total population. There are also 6 non-voting members who represent the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, and four other American territories.

The Senate is made up of 100 Senators, with two senators from each state. Until the ratification of the 17th Amendment in 1913. The Vice President serves as the President of the Senate and provides the decisive vote in the event of a tie.

Together, the House of Representatives and the Senate are the lawmakers of the nation. Any piece of legislation must pass through both houses of Congress before it is either vetoed or signed into law by the President.

It is vitally important that Americans pray for wisdom and understanding on behalf of the lawmakers of their nation.

Featured Member of the Legislative Branch for Prayer

John S. McCain III, U.S. Senator from Arizona

John Sidney McCain, III was born in August 1936 at Coco Solo Naval Air Station in the Panama Canal Zone, which was at that time under U.S. control. His family tree includes Scots-Irish and English ancestors. Both his father and paternal grandfather became four-star U.S. Navy admirals.

The family settled in Northern Virginia, and McCain attended Episcopal High School, a private preparatory boarding school in Alexandria. He excelled at wrestling and graduated in 1954. Following the footsteps of his father and grandfather, McCain entered the United States Naval Academy at Annapolis and graduated in 1958.

He embarked upon a military career and became a naval aviator, training at Pensacola. It was said he was a good pilot albeit one who tended to “push the envelope” in his flying. Even though by then married with two young children, McCain requested a combat assignment during the Vietnam War. In October 1967, while flying his 23rd bombing mission over North Vietnam, he was shot down by a missile over Hanoi, badly wounded and captured. He was imprisoned in what later was nicknamed “The Hanoi Hilton.” His tortuous stay has become legendary. After five and a half years, he was released in March 1973. His wartime injuries left McCain permanently incapable of raising his arms above his head.

Following his extensive recovery time, during which he was divorced and remarried, he entered politics and was elected a member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Arizona’s first district in 1982. He served until January 1987, when he began a term as United States Senator from Arizona. McCain ran for his party’s presidential nomination in 2000, but lost a heated primary contest to George W. Bush. He secured that nomination in 2008, after coming back from early reversals, but lost the general election to Barack Obama. He continues to serve as the senior U.S. Senator from Arizona.

McCain is married to Cindy Lou Hensley. It is his second marriage. He has seven children. Although brought up as an Episcopalian, he is a Baptist congregant.


“At this moment, Syrian and Russian forces, together with Iranian and Hezbollah militia fighters, are preparing to finish their siege of Aleppo. The 275,000 people who reportedly remain in the city are being told to flee. The poor souls who remain in Aleppo will suffer a surge in relentless indiscriminate bombing,” Senator John McCain (Arizona) recently wrote in an op-ed in The Wall Street Journal. He continued, “And when Mr. Assad, Mr. Putin and their allies have slaughtered all that stand in their way, they will proclaim peace in the bloody sands of the Syrian desert.”

McCain said America’s stand to suspend talks with Russia over Syrian attacks, which is meaningless, only encourages Assad and Putin “to create military facts on the ground in Syria that will enable them to dictate the terms of a peace secured by carnage.”

Fearing a threat to U.S. national security, McCain said, “While the U.S.-led coalition is making progress in the fight against Islamic State, we cannot forget this terrorist organization is a symptom of the Syrian civil war. The future of that conflict will have significant strategic impact on U.S. national security.”

US Congress

Legislative Branch Prayer Needs

Senator Rob Portman (Ohio) is throwing his support behind granting legal status to undocumented immigrants currently in the U.S. “who are willing to come forward.”

House Speaker Paul Ryan (Wisconsin) pledged to maintain the U.S. trade embargo with Cuba, despite the Obama Administration’s efforts to minimize it, including importing Cuban cigars.

Pray about the promises and pledges made during the throes of the campaign and actions after election.