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Legislative Branch

The Legislative Branch consists of the House of Representatives and the Senate, which collectively form the United States Congress. The Constitution grants Congress the sole authority to enact legislation and declare war, the right to confirm or reject Presidential appointments, and substantial investigative powers.

The House of Representatives is composed of 435 elected members from the 50 states in proportion to their total population. There are also 6 non-voting members who represent the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, and four other American territories.

The Senate is made up of 100 Senators, with two senators from each state. Until the ratification of the 17th Amendment in 1913. The Vice President serves as the President of the Senate and provides the decisive vote in the event of a tie.

Together, the House of Representatives and the Senate are the lawmakers of the nation. Any piece of legislation must pass through both houses of Congress before it is either vetoed or signed into law by the President.

It is vitally important that Americans pray for wisdom and understanding on behalf of the lawmakers of their nation.

Featured Member of the Legislative Branch for Prayer

PrayFocusLegislativeJoe Manchin, U.S. Senator from West Virginia

Joseph “Joe” Manchin was born in August 1947 in Farmington, West Virginia, a small coal-mining town. He graduated from Farmington High School and entered West Virginia University on a football scholarship. His education was delayed due to an injury during football practice, but he graduated with a degree in Information Management and became involved in several family-owned businesses.

He entered politics being elected to the West Virginia House of Delegates. He was later elected to the West Virginia Senate. He made an unsuccessful run for Governor, but was later elected as West Virginia’s Secretary of State. Four years later, he ran again for Governor, was elected, and re-elected with 70 percent of the vote.

In 2010, he won a special election to fill the seat of U.S. Senator Robert Byrd.

Manchin is married to Gayle Connelly, and they have three children. He is a licensed pilot, and a member of the National Rifle Association. Manchin is a Roman Catholic.

IN THE NEWS: “The problem [with resolving gun control] we have, and really the firewall we have right now is due process. It’s all due process,” Senator Joe Manchin (West Virginia) said in an interview. “So we can all say we want the same thing, but how do we get there?”

A proposal by Senate Majority Whip John Cornyn (Texas) would allow the attorney general to delay the purchase of a gun for up to three days, while Senator Pat Toomey (Pennsylvania) has introduced legislation that would require the attorney general to submit terror watch lists to the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court as a check on power.

“If a person is on the terrorist watch list like the gentleman, the shooter in Orlando, twice by the FBI, we were briefed yesterday about what happened but that man was brought in twice. They did everything they could,” Manchin said. “The FBI did everything they were supposed to do but there was no way to keep him on the mix list or keep him off the gun buy list. There was no way to do that. So can’t we just say that if a person is under suspicion, there should be a five-year period of time that we have to see if good behavior, if this person continues the same traits, maybe we could come to that type of an agreement. But due process is what’s killing us right now.”

US Congress

Legislative Branch Prayer Needs


Members of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee from both parties are seeking to formally condemn Russia for a series of aggressive actions including the buzzing of U.S. ships and aircraft and violating an arms control treaty.

A 71-member bipartisan group in the House led by Representative Jackie Speier (California) and Representative Joe Heck (Nevada) is urging the Pentagon to stop using live animals in combat medical training.

Pray about the priorities of members of Congress even as they deal with budgetary and national debt matters.