Friday, May 22, 2015
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Legislative Branch

The Legislative Branch consists of the House of Representatives and the Senate, which collectively form the United States Congress. The Constitution grants Congress the sole authority to enact legislation and declare war, the right to confirm or reject Presidential appointments, and substantial investigative powers.

The House of Representatives is composed of 435 elected members from the 50 states in proportion to their total population. There are also 6 non-voting members who represent the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, and four other American territories.

The Senate is made up of 100 Senators, with two senators from each state. Until the ratification of the 17th Amendment in 1913. The Vice President serves as the President of the Senate and provides the decisive vote in the event of a tie.

Together, the House of Representatives and the Senate are the lawmakers of the nation. Any piece of legislation must pass through both houses of Congress before it is either vetoed or signed into law by the President.

It is vitally important that Americans pray for wisdom and understanding on behalf of the lawmakers of their nation.

Featured Member of the Legislative Branch for Prayer

PrayFocusLegislativeShelley Moore Capito, United States Senator from West Virginia

Shelley Mellons Moore Capito was born in November 1953 in Glen Dale, West Virginia. She was educated at the Holton-Arms School, Duke University and the University of Virginia.

Capitol was elected to the West Virginia House of Delegates where she served two terms. She went on to serve two terms in the U.S. House of Representatives for West Virginia, and has been in office as a United States Senator since January 2015. She is the first woman to serve in the Senate from West Virginia.

She is married to Charles L. Capito and they have three children. She is a Presbyterian.

IN THE NEWS: Legislation to overturn the Obama Administration’s climate rule for power plants is the first major legislative effort in the Senate to confront the Environmental Protection Agency’s carbon dioxide limits it proposed last year. It reflects broad opposition to the regulators, which, lawmakers say, would cost billions of dollars, hundreds of thousands of jobs and have little to no environmental benefit. “Our bill would also require that any greenhouse gas standard set by the EPA for new coal-fired power plants are able to be achieved by commercial power plants operating in the real world,” said Senator Shelley Moore Capito, the bill’s sponsor. Twenty-five Republican senators, including Majority Leader Mitch McConnell (Kentucky) signed onto the bill as co-sponsors, as did Senator Joe Manchin of West Virginia. The bill, dubbed the Affordable Reliable Energy Now Act (ARENA) would prevent the EPA from writing rules that are “significantly similar” to its current proposals, unless it follows specific parameters that the bill outlines. Environmental groups immediately criticized the bill as an attack on clean air and the most significant effort yet to fight climate change.

US Congress

Legislative Branch Prayer Needs


Minority Whip Steny Hoyer (Maryland) is concerned that Congressional members’ salaries last adjusted in 2009 are too low ($174,000 annually), and he and others are saying that Congress is in need of a raise.

House Majority Leader Kevin McCarthy (California) is planning to tie a large-scale highway bill to tax reform later this year. Meanwhile the highway fund will extend spending authority for several months.

Pray about the appropriateness of a Congressional pay increase while the nation is still recovering from recession.